Sweden (i/ˈswiːdən/SWEE-dən; Swedish:Sverige[ˈsvæːrjə]listen), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sverige), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860sqmi), Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of over 9.8 million. Sweden consequently has a low population density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometre (54/sqmi), with the highest concentration in the southern half of the country. Approximately 85% of the population lives in urban areas. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia.
Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century, it expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire, which became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, beginning with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union.
The name of Sweden (Swedish Sverige[ˈsvær.jə]listen) is ultimately derived from the ethnonym of the Swedes.
The English name was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland.
The Old English name of Sweden was Sweoland or Sweorice, land or realm of the Sweonas, The Germanic tribes of the Sviar (Old NorseSvíþjóð). The name of the Sviar itself is derived from a Proto-Norse*Swihoniz, presumably a self-designation containing the Germanic reflexive *swe- "one's own, self".
The modern English name Sweden is exceptional in being loaned from Dutch. Before the gradual introduction of Sweden in the 17th century, English used Swedeland.
It is based on Middle DutchZweden, the Dutch name of Sweden, and in origin the dative plural of Zwede "Swede".
It has been in use in English from about 1600, first recorded in Scottish Swethin, Swadne.
Country names based on a dative plural in -n became productive in German and Dutch in the 15th century; compare German Italien "Italy", Spanien "Spain", Rumänien "Romania", Ungarn "Hungary".
Stonepeak, a leading alternative investment firm specializing in infrastructure and real assets, today announced that it has completed the acquisition of a 49% interest in Cellnex Sweden and Cellnex Denmark (“Cellnex Nordics”), the Swedish and Danish operations of Cellnex Telecom ...
Europe and NATO have become increasingly concerned about the vulnerability of critical infrastructure around and under the Baltic Sea...Last month, Sweden said a Baltic Sea telecom cable connecting Sweden and Estonia was damaged at roughly the same time as a Finnish-Estonian pipeline and cable ... Reporting by Kylie MacLellan Editing by Bill Berkrot ... ....
Estonia's prosecutor general said on Friday the main lead they were following was that "damage to the telecom cables between Estonia and Finland and Estonia and Sweden is connected to the vessel Newnew Polar Bear flying the flag of Hong Kong".
Two telecoms cables linking Estonia to Finland and Sweden were damaged on the same night between Oct.7-8, authorities said last month, and Russia's Rostelecom on Tuesday revealed that one of its fibre optic cables had also been hit.
Nov 7 (Reuters) - A Russian fibre optic cable under the Baltic Sea was damaged last month only 28 km (17 miles) from where a gas pipeline linking Finland and Estonia was damaged soon afterwards, Russian state company Rostelecom said on Tuesday ... Two other Baltic telecoms cables, connecting Estonia to Finland and Sweden, were also damaged on Oct ... ....
The Balticconnector gas pipeline from Finland to Estonia, an adjacent telecom cable and a second cable from Estonia to Sweden were all damaged in the early hours of October 8 ... On Monday, Finland’s Ministry of Economic Affairs reported that a Russian telecom cable was also damaged in the same area, at roughly the same time.
A gas pipeline linking Finland and Estonia and two other telecoms cables, connecting Estonia to Finland and Sweden, were also damaged last month ...The Russian company first reported the outage of its telecoms cable to Finnish authorities on Oct.
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The three incidents which resulted in damage to a gas pipeline and two telecom cables between Estonia, Finland and Sweden "are related", Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas said in a statement ... Two telecom cables were also damaged that night, connecting Estonia to Finland and Sweden.
VILNIUS/HELSINKI - The three incidents that resulted in damage to a gas pipeline and two telecom cables between Estonia, Finland and Sweden "are related," Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas said ... Two telecom cables connecting Estonia to Finland and Sweden were also damaged at about the same time.
VILNIUS, Oct 27 (Reuters) - The three incidents which resulted in damage to a gas pipeline and two telecom cables between Estonia, Finland and Sweden "are related", Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas said in a statement ... Two telecom cables were also damaged that night, connecting Estonia to Finland and Sweden.
VILNIUS, Oct 25 (Reuters) - Estonia's investigation into a damaged Baltic Sea telecoms cable will focus on the actions of a Chinese-owned vessel, the country's prosecutor general said, after Finland blamed damage to a nearby pipeline on a ship ... Another telecoms cable, between Sweden and Estonia, was also damaged that night.